🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (NAT) - American and National Identity
Theme 2 (WXT) - Work, Exchange, and Technology
Theme 3 (GEO) - Geography and The Environment
Theme 4 (MIG) - Migration and Settlement
Theme 5 (PCE) - Politics and Power
Theme 7 (ARC) - American and Regional Culture
Theme 8 (SOC): Social Structures
🌽 Unit 1: 1491-1607
1.1Context: European Encounters in the Americas
1.6Cultural Interactions Between Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans
🦃 Unit 2: 1607-1754
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Contextualization
2.3The Regions of the British Colonies
2.5Interactions between Native Americans and Europeans
2.6Slavery in the Colonies
🔫 Unit 3: 1754-1800
3.6The Influence of Revolutionary Ideals
3.10Shaping a New Republic
🐎 Unit 4: 1800-1848
4.2The Rise of Political Parties and the Era of Jefferson
4.3Politics and Regional Interests
4.8Jackson and Federal Power
4.9The Development of an American Culture
4.10The Second Great Awakening
4.11the age of reform
4.12African Americans in the Early Republic
💣 Unit 5: 1844-1877
5.5Sectional Conflict: Regional Differences
5.6Failure of Compromise
5.7Election of 1860 and Secession
5.9Government Policies during the Civil War
🚂 Unit 6: 1865-1898
6.2Westward Expansion: Economic Development
6.3Westward Expansion Social and Cultural Development
6.6The Rise of Industrial Capitalism
6.7Labor in the Gilded Age
6.9Responses to Immigration
🌎 Unit 7: 1890-1945
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Contextualization
7.3The Spanish-American War
7.5World War I: Military and Diplomacy
7.6World War I: Home Front
7.81920s: Cultural and Political Controversies
7.9The Great Depression
7.10The New Deal
7.11Interwar Foreign Policy
7.12World War II: Mobilization
🥶 Unit 8: 1945-1980
8.2The Cold War from 1945-1980
8.3The Red Scare
8.4Economy after 1945
8.6Early Steps in the Civil Rights Movement
8.7America as a World Power
8.8The Vietnam War
8.10The African American Civil Rights Movement
8.11The Expansion of the Civil Rights Movement
📲 Unit 9: 1980-Present
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Contextualization
9.2Reagan and Conservatism
9.3The End of the Cold War
9.6Challenges of the 21st Century
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
📋 Short Answer Questions (SAQ)
⏱️ 2 min read
May 30, 2020
During the 1820s and 1830s, democracy began expanding in the US during what became known as the "era of the common man" because common men could now become involved in politics and democracy in ways they had never been able to before. Democracy expanded in the following ways:
Universal Male Suffrage
Many states abolished the property qualification to vote and used written ballots, but women and African Americans could still not vote.
Political Nominating Conventions
In the past, candidates for office had been commonly nominated either by state legislature or by “King Caucus”, a closed door meeting of a political party’s leaders in Congress. These were replaced by party nominating conventions.
Popular Election of the President
All states, with the exception of South Carolina, adopted the democratic method of allowing voters to choose their electors to the electoral college (based on the majority popular vote) instead of the state legislatures choosing.
Four different candidates ran as Democratic-Republicans: Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay. While Jackson won most popular and electoral votes, he did not gain the majority.
The House of Representatives chose among the candidates with the exception of Clay.
Clay had given his support for Adams and later became the Secretary of State for Adams. Jackson claimed Clay and Adams had a corrupt bargain (a deal behind close doors to make Clay the Secretary of State while giving his support to Adams). Jackson was infuriated and basically began his campaign for the 1828 election right then.
Once elected, John Quincy Adams refused to replace many appointees and placed most qualified people into positions even if they thought politically different. Due to Adams’ lack of interest, Martin Van Buren took control over the House of Representatives and the Senate and effectively blocked Adams’ decisions.
Photo Courtesy of Wikimedia
When JQA sought reelection in 1828, Jacksonians were ready for him. Going beyond parades and barbecues, Jackson’s party resorted to smearing the president and accusing JQA’s wife of being born out of wedlock. JQA’s supporters returned in kind accusing Jackson’s wife of adultery. Voter turnout exploded. Jackson was elected to office as people remembered him as the war hero of the Seminole Wars and Battle of New Orleans.
🎥 Watch: AP United States - Age of Jackson
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