published on august 5, 2020
Last updated on August 3, 2020
In AP® Human Geography, unit 5 covers the development and processes of agriculture including food production and rural land-use. The following guide will be updated periodically with hyperlinks to excellent resources. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts!
You can request the full Ultimate Guide to AP Human Geography here.
⚡ Read: AP Human Geography - Unit 5 Overview
The following summary is from AMSCO AP Human Geography:
About 12,000 years ago, people living in Southwest Asia began to grow crops and raise animals intentionally. From the beginning of agriculture in that region, and later in a few other regions, agriculture diffused throughout the world. Since 1750, mechanization, the use of chemicals, and research have dramatically increased agricultural productivity. This increase has allowed more people to work outside of agriculture, but has increased stress on the environment.
What people have grown and raised has always been shaped by the climate, soils, and landforms of a place. In addition, the types of agricultural products that farmers produce, whether dairy or vegetables or grain, is heavily influenced by the nearness of the market. Farmers have also shaped the landscape by cutting down trees and draining wetlands, etc. Improvements in technology have shifted the industry towards larger enterprises and greater interdependence.
Changes in technology and society influence how people produce and consume food. Since women were often in charge of cooking, and food is increasingly prepared outside the home, women now have more flexibility.
STUDY TIP: The models will appear all over the exam, in both multiple choice and FRQs. You should be able to identify each one from a description or image, apply them to examples, and use them in your writing.
⚡ Read: AP Human Geography - The Von Thunen Model
STUDY TIP: Content from the this unit has appeared on the FRQs seven times since 2001. Take a look at these questions before you review the key concepts & vocabulary below to get a sense of how you will be assessed. Then, come back to these later and practice writing as many as you can!
join more students
create an account on fiveable
*The following outline was adapted from the AP® Human Geography Course Description as published by College Board in 2015 found here. This outline reflects the most recent revisions to the course.
Development and diffusion of agriculture
Neolithic Agricultural Revolution
Second Agricultural Revolution
Major agricultural production regions
Agricultural systems associated with major bioclimatic zones
Variations within major zones and effects of markets
Linkages and flows among regions of food production and consumption
Rural land use and settlement patterns
Models of agricultural land use, including Von Thunen’s model
Settlement patterns associated with major agricultural types
Modern commercial agriculture
Third Agricultural Revolution
⚡ Watch: AP Human Geography - Agricultural History and Revolutions, Changes in Agriculture, Rural Land-Use Patterns, Spatial Organization of Agriculture/Settlement Pattern, and The Green Revolution
STUDY TIP: These are the concepts and vocabulary from unit 5 that most commonly appear on the exam. Create a quizlet deck to make sure you are familiar with these terms!
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211
92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.