The global distribution of the world's natural resources is not equal and mostly depend on a region's geological history. A region's geological history can give an insight of what types of natural resources were able to develop there. Let's look at a few examples.
Canada, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, and Australia are examples of companies that are rich in natural resources such as oil reserves, natural gas, coal or timber. This means that they have a negative reliance on energy dependency from other countries as they price their own energy.
Saudi Arabia's geological history of bodies of water allowed for the oxygen to decay to organic material to the bottom floor. The comporression over time allowed for the formation of oil.
The countries that are more dependent on imported natural resources are the European Union, United States, China and India.