🔎 Unit 1: Scientific Foundations of Psychology
1.0Unit 1 Overview: Scientific Foundations of Psychology
1.1Introducing Psychology: The Historical Progression of Psychology
1.2Research Methods in Psychology
1.3The Experimental Method
1.5Statistical Analysis in Psychology
🧠 Unit 2: Biological Bases of Behavior
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Biological Bases of Behavior
2.1Interaction of Heredity and Environment
2.3Overview of the Nervous System and the Neuron
2.7Tools for Examining Brain Structure and Function
2.8The Adaptable Brain: Neural Fluidity
👀 Unit 3: Sensation and Perception
3.0Unit 3 Overview: Sensation and Perception
3.1Principles of Sensation
3.2Principles of Perception
3.5Auditory Sensation and Perception
📚 Unit 4: Learning
4.0Unit 4 Overview: Learning
🤔 Unit 5: Cognitive Psychology
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Cognitive Psychology
5.1Introduction to Memory
5.5Forgetting and Memory Distortion
5.6Biological Bases of Memory
5.7Introduction to Thinking and Problem Solving
5.8Biases and Errors in Thinking
5.9Introduction to Intelligence
5.10Psychometric Principles and Intelligence Testing
👶 Unit 6: Developmental Psychology
6.0Unit 6 Overview: Developmental Psychology
6.1The Lifespan and Physical Development in Childhood
6.2Social Development in Childhood
6.3Cognitive Development in Childhood
6.5Adulthood and Aging
🤪 Unit 7: Motivation, Emotion, & Personality
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Motivation, Emotion, and Personality
7.1Theories of Motivation
7.2Specific Topics in Motivation
7.3Theories of Emotion
7.4Stress and Coping
7.5Introduction to Personality
7.6Psychoanalytic Theories of Personality
7.7Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theories of Personality
7.8Humanistic Theories of Personality
7.9Trait Theories of Personality
🛋 Unit 8: Clinical Psychology
8.0Unit 8 Overview: Clinical Psychology
8.1Introduction to Psychological Disorders
8.2Psychological Perspectives and Etiology of Disorders
8.3Neurodevelopmental and Schizophrenic Spectrum Disorders
8.4Bipolar, Depressive, Anxiety, and Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
8.5Trauma- and Stressor Related, Dissociative, and Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders
8.6Feeding and Eating, Substance and Addictive, and Personality Disorders
8.7Introduction to Treatment of Psychological Disorders
8.8Psychological Perspectives and Treatment of Disorders
8.9Treatment of Disorders from the Biological Perspective
👫 Unit 9: Social Psychology
9.0Unit 9 Overview: Social Psychology
9.1Attribution Theory and Person Perception
9.2Attitude Formation and Attitude Change
9.3Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
9.4Group Influences on Behavior and Mental Processes
9.5Bias, Prejudice, and Discrimination
9.6Altruism and Aggression
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
⏱️ 3 min read
August 10, 2020
According to the College Board, "The structures of human biological systems and their functions⚙️ influence our behavior and mental processes. Some psychologists study behaviors and mental processes from a biological perspective🌱. This includes an examination of the influence that the interaction between human biology and our environment has on behavior and mental processes. This is a recurring topic throughout the course that will be used to explain many psychological phenomena🧠.
The biological perspective also provides insight into the causes of and treatments for psychological disorders💊. There is a complex interaction between a person’s biology and their behavior and mental processes. Heredity and environment🌲 play a role, as do variations in a person’s consciousness💭."
How can biology influence our behavior and mental processes?
What happens when a particular neurotransmitter is absent from the body?
How do biological and environmental factors interact to influence our behaviors and mental proccesses?
Unit 2 focuses on studying the physical (biological) bases for behavior and what can alter it. In this unit we study the brain🧠, body systems❤️, genetics🧬, consciousness💭, sleep💤, and drugs💊. All of these influence our behavior and mental processes (which are exactly what psychology is).
This unit comprises 8 - 10% of the AP Exam for Psychology.
Charles Darwin -- Darwin is known for his principle of natural selection and his other contributions to evolution. He established the idea that all species of life come from the same ancestor.
Paul Broca -- Paul Broca discovered the Broca's area in the brain, which is associated with language and speaking.
Carl Wernicke -- Wernicke studied nerve disease and parts of the brain. He discovered Wernicke's area which is essential in understanding language and speech.
Roger Sperry -- Roger Sperry was one of the few key neuropsychologists that we have two brain hemispheres and each has its own specialized functions. He studied split-brain patients and conducted experiments to learn more about each half of the brain. He actually won a Nobel Prize for his research.
Michael Gazzaniga -- Gazzaniga helped with the understanding of laterization. He also worked with split-brain patients to advance his research and began to understand how the two hemispheres of the brain work together.
William James -- James coined the term "stream of consciousness." He is considered the Father of American Psychology.
Sigmund Freud -- Freud is the father of psychoanalysis and studied many areas of psychology through his psychoanalytic perspective. For this unit in particular, he came up with three levels of consciousness: the conscious, preconscious, and the unconscious.
|Axons||Action Potential||All-or-none Response||Synapse|
|Brainstem||Split Brain||Consciousness||Limbic System|
|Circadian Rhythm||REM sleep||Latent Content||Manifest Content|
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211
92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.