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7.0 Unit 7 Overview: 19th-Century Perspectives and Political Developments

#industrialeurope

⏱️  1 min read

written by

Bretnea Turner

bretnea turner

June 11, 2020


Main Events

1815: Congress of Vienna

1823: Monroe Doctrine 

1848: Revolutions of 1848

1850s: Industrial Revolution 🏭

1871: Unification of Italy

1871: Unification of Germany

1884-5: Partition of Africa

1894-1906: Dreyfus Affair

1912-3: Balkan Wars

Major Trends Between 1815-1914

  • Failed attempts at international stability through conservatism

    • Congress of Vienna wanted to re-establish authoritarian, conservative governments to avoid revolutions

    • Revolutions led to other revolutions, aka the American Revolution leading to the French Revolution

    • Rise of liberalism and nationalism will ensure the destruction of conservative governments in the 19th century.

  • 19th Century Isms

    • An “ism” is an ideology that is based on political, economic, or social theory

    • Conservatism - maintaining the status quo in Europe- strong, centralized monarchs, 🤴nobility, Church has strong role, no revolutions

    • Liberalism - breaking the status quo in Europe- ⚒️ driven by enlightened ideas of freedom of speech and religion, ability to own property, ability to protest government, economic freedom

    • Nationalism - a strong pride in one’s heritage that includes common history, religion, language, and other cultural elements. Nationalism threatens empires.

  • Imperialism- The Monroe Doctrine forced Europeans to look in the Eastern Hemisphere for their colonization endeavors. They will be joined by the United States and Japan.

    • India- Great Britain

    • Indonesia- Netherlands

    • Indochina- France

    • China- Britain, France, Japan and the United States

    • Africa- Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Belgium

    • Pacific (Alaska and Midway Islands)- United States

    🎥 Watch: AP Europe - Imperialism

    https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2FKeep_off_The_Monroe_Doctrine_must_be_respected__(F._Victor_Gillam%2C_1896).jpg?alt=media&token=861ce7d2-4c91-4a04-a219-780c8ff9b62d

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