published on august 5, 2020
Last updated on August 3, 2020
In AP® Human Geography, unit 6 covers the development of industrialization and the economic development of states across the world. The following guide will be updated periodically with hyperlinks to excellent resources. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts!
You can request the full Ultimate Guide to AP Human Geography here.
⚡ Watch: AP Human Geography - Industrialization
The following summary is from AMSCO AP Human Geography:
The hearth of the Industrial Revolution was Great Britain in the 18th century. As people learned to use water power and coal energy to manufacture goods, they saw large increases in agricultural productivity, population, and wealth. Industrialization has diffused throughout the world, reshaping all aspects of life.
Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, people have developed statistical measures to describe changes in society. Some measure the total output of each country, the distribution of income, rates of childbirth, the number of people who can read, or rates of literacy, and the different opportunities available to males and females. Scholars such as W. W. Rostow and Immanuel Wallerstein used this information to create models or theories of spatial patterns of economic and social development in countries around the world.
The diffusion of industrialization generally increased trade and interdependence, which improved the standard of living for most people. But as jobs moved from one place to another place, some people lost their jobs and an international division of labor emerged. One cost was to the environment. In response to the depletion of natural resources, pollution, and the results of climate change, some people have advocated an evolved model that stresses sustainable development.
STUDY TIP: The models will appear all over the exam, in both multiple choice and FRQs. You should be able to identify each one from a description or image, apply them to examples, and use them in your writing.
⚡ Watch: AP Human Geography - Economic Interdependence
STUDY TIP: Content from the this unit has appeared on the FRQs thirteen times since 2001. Take a look at these questions before you review the key concepts & vocabulary below to get a sense of how you will be assessed. Then, come back to these later and practice writing as many as you can!
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*The following outline was adapted from the AP® Human Geography Course Description as published by College Board in 2015 found here. This outline reflects the most recent revisions to the course.
Growth and diffusion of industrialization
The changing roles of energy and technology
Evolution of economic cores and peripheries
Geographic critiques of models of economic localization (i.e. land rent, comparative costs of transportation), industrial location, economic development, and world systems
Contemporary patterns and impacts of industrialization and development
Spatial organization of the world economy
⚡ Watch: AP Human Geography - Industrial Revolution: Start, Growth, and Diffusion and Economic Sectors and Patterns
STUDY TIP: These are the concepts and vocabulary from unit 6 that most commonly appear on the exam. Create a quizlet deck to make sure you are familiar with these terms!
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