August 15, 2020
Check out more Resources:
An overarching 🎥 video of Reformation in important AP Euro techniques
John Wycliffe: Wycliffe argued that priests were not needed for salvation and translated parts of the Bible from Latin into English to make it possible for the general populations to read
New divisions in the group of protestors against the Catholic Church known as 'Protestants' emerge. Protestant beliefs still fall under the category of Christianity. There are three main early sectors of Protestantism 👇
Martin Luther: concluded that the Church's practices were violating Biblical teachings. He allegedly nailed a series of grievances known as the 95 Theses to the Church door but this could've just been a request for a meeting to discuss these issues. The Church reacted harshly and Pope Leo X excommunicated him. Luther was not a social or political revolutionary but his theological ideas had a large social effect and his followers were branded "Lutherans"
John Calvin: French theologian broke from the Church around 1530. He wrote The Institutes of Christian Religion. His ideas included a society in which a group called the Elect, people predestined to go to heaven, ran the community. There was to be plain living, simple church buildings, and the church elders were to govern. His French followers were called Huguenots.
Other Branches of Calvinism:
King Henry VIII: English King who wanted to divorce his wife as she had produced a female heir and he wanted and male heir. When the Pope declined out of fear that a divorce would anger Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, Henry sought approval from the English Parliament and created the Church of England.
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