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Unit 2

2.9 MC Answers and Review

8 min readnovember 19, 2021


AP World History 🌍

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice On Networks of Exchange

⛔STOP!⛔ Before you look at the answers make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in unit 2. Click here for the practice questions: AP World History Unit 2 Multiple Choice Questions.
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Image from Pixabay

Facts about the test: The AP World History exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around a minute to complete a question.
*The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP World History Course and Exam Description, the formatting on the exam may be different.

1.  Which of the following is true regarding the Silk Road?
A. All trade along the routes was controlled by China
B. New cities developed in Eurasia as a result of increased trade along the routes
C. Very few Muslim merchants and missionaries traveled the Silk Road
D. While many goods were traded along the Silk Road, there was little religious diffusion
Explanation: Trade along the Silk Road was controlled by a single country, and both material goods and religions such as Buddhism and Islam, were frequently diffused along the route. What is true is that cities such as Samarkand developed as a result of increased trade along the routes, leading to a need for rest stops, that in turn, developed into cities.
Take a look at a study guide on the Silk Roads!

2.  Caravanserais can best be described as
A.  Rest stops for travelers
B. Banking houses for merchants
C. gambling dens for adventures
D. Bandit controlled regions along trade routes
Explanation: Caravanserais were rest stops where merchants and travelers could store their goods, purchase a meal, sleep, and rest their animals during their journey along the Silk Road. This enabled merchants to travel along the Silk Road with a stronger sense of safety.
Watch a video further diving into the silk roads!

3.  Which of the following skills was necessary for a person to sail in the Indian Ocean Trade Network?
A. Ability to analyze oceanic sailing journals
B. Mastery of map making
C. Understanding wind currents
D. The ability to build ships
Explanation: While map making and boat making skills are important in oceanic travel, one does not need to be able to build or boat or make their own maps in order to sail the Indian Ocean; maps and boats can be purchased from others. However, all sailors needed to understand the monsoon wind currents in order to effectively sail the IOTN.
Read a study guide on the Indian Ocean Trade Network!

4. Which of the following regions did NOT see a rise is diasporic communities as a result of trade along the Indian Ocean Trade Network?
A.  East Africa
B. Southeast Asia
C. South Asia
D. Western Europe
Explanation: As a result of trade along the the IOTN, we see diasporic communities rise up in East Africa (Swahili City States), the coastal regions of South Asia, and cities within the Srivijaya kingdom. We don't see communities in western Europe, because this region was not really engaging in interregional trade during this time period, or was doing so very minimally.
Watch a replay of a stream about the Indian Ocean Network!

5. A key group responsible for growing trade along the Trans Saharan trade route was
A. The Berbers
B. The Seljuks
C. The Ashanti
D. The Byzantines
Explanation: The Berbers were a northern African nomadic group who moved north and south along the Trans Saharan trade route. They were instrumental in diffusing the Islamic faith, goods, and merchants from northern Africa to western Africa, leading to increased trade.
Learn more about the Berbers in this study guide!

6. Which of the following resources, coming out of Africa, were desired most by other regions?
A. Spices and silver
B. Cotton and dyes
C. Oil and precious stones
D. Gold and ivory
Explanation: Two of the most important trade items to come out of Africa were gold, primarily from Ghana and Mali, and ivory. While the other items listed were valuable resources that many nations wanted, they did not originate in Africa.
Learn about some cultural effects of trade here!

7. Indian Ocean trade was different from trade along the Silk Road in that
A.  Religious diffusion was rare in the Indian Ocean, while abundant along the Silk Road
B. Navigational skills were more important along the IOTN than on the Silk Road
C. Bulk goods, along with luxury goods, were traded in the Indian Ocean
D. Trade along the the IOTN was more controlled by nations than trade along the Silk Road
Explanation: Navigational skills are important regardless of the trade routes, so this wasn't more important in the Indian Ocean. As well, religious diffusion occurred as much, if not more along the IOTN than on the Silk Road. However, due to the larger size of ships in the IOTN, merchants could carry both luxury good and bulk goods to trade. As most merchants along the Silk Road predominantly used beasts of burden to transport goods, this minimal cargo space ensured that merchants would only want to carry what they could make the largest profit on: luxury goods.
Compare trade between regions in this guide!

8.  The Mongols' lifestyle could best be described as
A. Sedentary
B. Urban
C. Nomadic
D. Isolationist
Explanation: The Mongols lived a nomadic lifestyle along the Central Asian Steppes, moving with their animals, predominantly horses and goats, to find grazing land. While the Mongols, at least early on, may not have had a tremendous amount of contact with other groups, they certainly were not isolationist.
Read more about the Mongols!

9. Which of the following was NOT a territory conquered by the Mongols?
A. China
B. Japan
C. Russia
D. Central Asia
Explanation: While the Mongols did attempt to conquer Japan, the methods they used were not the traditional conquering style they were used to. As Japan is an island, ships were required to attack the island, and their attempts to conquer from the sea were thwarted by the Kamikaze winds that prevented them from landing on the island and attacking.
Watch a video about the Mongols!

10. The Mongols control of much of Eurasia increased trade by
A.  creating safety along the trade routes they controlled
B. Forcing nations to buy only Mongolian goods
C. Only allowing the production of cash crops, which were sold to other nations
D. Demanding tribute from those they conquered
Explanation: A key reason why trade increased during the Mongol control of Eurasia was due to the fact that the Mongols ensured that the Silk Road was safe from bandit attacks. Very few people were willing to steal, or kill, along the Silk Road, knowing what the punishment would be from the Mongol war machine. Therefore, increased safety led to more people being willing to travel and trade along the Silk Road. Read more about the Mongols!

11. A similarity between the Silk Road and the Trans Saharan trade route was
A. The use of the camel saddle for transport of goods
B. Dependence on Berber merchants to facilitate trade
C. Reliance on the Mongol military to protect the routes
D. Silk being the predominant trade good on both routes
Explanation: As the Mongols had little to no influence in western Africa, they did not control the Trans Saharan trade route, and while silk was predominantly traded along the Silk Road, it was not the main good along the TS trade route. But on both routes, the use of camel saddles and one the main ways to transport products was invaluable to successful trading. Compare trade between regions in this guide!

12. An example of cross cultural exchange along the Indian Ocean Trade Network would be
A. Indian cotton found in Goa
B. Muslim mosques in the Malian empire
C. Ivory figurines in the Swahili City-States
D. Hindu figurines found in Srivijaya temples
Explanation: As Hinduism originated in India, the only way that one would find Hindu figurines in the Srivijaya kingdom (Southeast Asia) would be for someone to either have sailed from or sailed to and from India and brought those figurines all the way to southeast Asia. And, as India and southeast Asia were connected via the Indian Ocean, trade along this route would likely be most responsible for the exchange.
Practice your CCOT skills with Indian Ocean Trade in this video!

13. Which of the following people did NOT travel along the major trade routes discussed, during this time period?
A. Ibn Battuta
B. Marco Polo
C. Ferdinand Magellan
D. Mansa Musa
Explanation: Ibn Battuta was a famous Muslim scholar and explorer who extensively travelled the IOTN as well as the Silk Road, while Marco Polo found adventure and knowledge along the Silk Road. Mansa Musa, king of the Mali Empire, used the Trans Saharan trade route as he made his pilgrimage to Mecca. Ferdinand Magellan is a famous explorer, but his exploration will not come until the 1500's.
Learn about travelers in this era in this video!

14. All of the following were results of increased trade during the time period 1200-1450 EXCEPT
A. The rise of diasporic communities
B. Religious syncretism
C. increased production of luxury goods
D. An increase in the number of colonies controlled by nations
Explanation: The rise of colonial holdings won't really happen until the 1500's, when Europe engages in what is commonly known as the Age of Exploration. Trade during this time period was relatively peaceful, and mostly dominated by merchants who simply wanted to make a profit off the products they were exchanging. There was little desire to try to colonize other lands.
Learn more about Unit 2 here!

15. The primary purpose of the Mongolian Yam system was to
A. Improve communication throughout the empire
B. Increase food production in Eurasia
C. Prevent rival groups from attacking each other within the empire
D. Promote religious tolerance across the empire
Explanation: The Yam system was a medieval version of the pony express, or messenger system that facilitated quicker communication across the Mongolian empire. Relay stations would be used to provide rest, food, and horses for the messengers who rode day in and day out along the routes. as they carried messages to various parts of the empire Watch a video

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