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2.0 Unit 2 Overview: Age of Reformation

#reformation

#martinluther

#religiouswars

⏱️  2 min read

written by

Sharii Liang

sharii liang

June 11, 2020


The one thing you need to know about this unit:

Religious plurality destroyed any hope of a united Europe. 

Discontent with existing religion ➝ creation of new religions ➝ discourse between old and new religions = violence and reform.

Main Events in the Age of Reformation

1455: Johann Gutenberg invents the printing press

1492: Spain becomes religiously unified after the Reconquista

1517: Martin Luther posts the 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church

1521: The Diet of Worms is held to decide Martin Luther’s fate

1521: Edict of Worms is issued

1525: German Peasants’ War

1534: King Henry VIII becomes head of the new Church of England

1545: Council of Trent and Counter/Catholic Reformation begins

1562: French Wars of Religion begin

1572: St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

1598: Edict of Nantes is issued

1618: Thirty Years War begins

1648: The Peace of Westphalia is issued to end the Thirty Years War

Major Trends: 1450-1648

  • Corruption → Dissent → Reform

  • Effects of the Protestant Reformation ☦️

    • Catholic Church lost a lot of power

      • Attempt to gain it back but it will never be the same

      • Allowed states to gain more power and control religion

    • Education spreads 📚

      • Printing press causes literacy rates to increase

    • Religious plurality

      • States see they have no choice but allow religious tolerance

  • Effects of the Counter/Catholic Reformation 

    • More people convert to Catholicism

      • Can never make up for what they lost

    • Church actually reforms after numerous complaints ⛪

      • Council of Trent

      • Popes lead reform movements

  • Role of Women

    • Educational opportunities increase a little

    • Women become much more involved in religion and society

      • Considered moral and religious figures

    • Still made to rear children, get married, and take care of the household 👪

  • Religious upheaval → churches lose power → states take care of religious issues → states enforce morality → public humiliation & witchcraft

🎥 Watch: AP European History - Reformation

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