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Unit 9

9.9 MC Answers and Review

6 min readdecember 16, 2021

AP US History 🇺🇸

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on Entering the 21st Century

STOP ⛔ Before you look at the answers, make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in Unit 9. Click here for the practice questions: AP US History Unit 9 Multiple Choice Questions.


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Facts about the test: The AP US History exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 1 minute per question.

The following questions were not written by College Board and, although they cover information outlined in the AP US History Course and Exam Description, the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. The economic policies of President Ronald Reagan were influenced by this philosophy
A. Heavy subsidies to industries deemed "in the national interest"
B. A belief that strong support of unions would oppose inroads made by communist agitators among the working class.
C. A belief that tax cuts and deregulation of the industries would lead to economic growth.
D. A strict focus on balancing the budget to limit the growth of the national debt.
Answer: Reaganomics featured tax cuts for the upper tier of the income tax brackets and deregulation of most industries.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.2: Reagan and Conservatism

2. The Reagan administration demonstrated its philosophy concerning labor during this event.
A. A push to use Federal funding of education to weaken the position of teachers' unions.
B. Support for the Governor of Massachusetts in his firing of striking police officers.
C. The mediation of a strike involving Pennsylvania coal miners
D. The firing of striking Federal Air Traffic Controllers.
Answer: In firing striking air traffic controllers, the Reagan administration demonstrated the 'pro business' attitude that characterized the Reagan years.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.2: Reagan and Conservatism

3.  This treaty is notable for being the first nuclear arms treaty to actually reduce arsenals in the United States and the Soviet Union.
C. The anti-ABM treaty
Answer: START aimed to reduce bilateral arsenals whereas the other treaties merely sought to cap the size of nuclear arsenals.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.3: The End of the Cold War

4. Support for rebels in this country against the wishes of Congress led to political trouble for the Reagan administration.
A. Nicaragua
B. Honduras
C. Grenada
D. Guatemala
Answer: Support for the Contra rebels in Nicaragua led to Congressional (and criminal) investigations of the Reagan administration.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.3: The End of the Cold War

5. The Americans with Disabilities Act was a notable feature of this presidency.
A. The Reagan Presidency
B. The Carter Presidency
C. The Ford Presidency
D. The George HW Bush Presidency
Answer: George HW Bush displayed "compassionate conservatism" in his championing and signing of the ADA
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.2: Reagan and Conservatism

6. The following areas saw noticeable moves towards democracy following the collapse of the Soviet Union except for
A. Czechoslovakia
B. China
C. Romania
D. Poland
Answer: China harshly put down pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen square, preventing a move towards greater political openness.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.3: The End of the Cold War

7. The formation of this international body represented and furthered the cause of globalization during the Clinton Administration
Answer: The World Trade Organization represents an evolution of the GATT in favor of greater openness and promotion of international trade.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.4: A Changing Economy

8. Reaganomics had all of the following impacts except for
A. A growth in the GDP
B. A reduction in inflation
C. The maintenance of Social Security and Medicare payment levels
D. The creation of a government surplus
Answer: Reaganomics cut top-tier taxes while maintaining spending on entitlement programs.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.2: Reagan and Conservatism

9. The United States intervened in this nation following the end of the Cold War in response to the violence fueled by ethnic cleansing.
A. Kosovo
B. Czechoslovakia
C. Rwanda
D. Poland
Answer: Under President Clinton, the US spearheaded airstrikes and deployed a peacekeeping force to intervene in the face of ethnic cleansing in Kosovo.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.3: The End of the Cold War

10. This geographic region accounted for most of the immigration to the United States in the last two decades of the 20th Century.
A. Eastern and Central Europe
B. Latin America and Asia
C. The former Soviet Republics
D. Northern Europe
Answer: Immigration swelled in the last quarter of the 20th century, with most of the increase coming from Latin America and Asia.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.5: Migration and Immigration

11. Limitations on banking ushered in by the Glass Steagall act of 1933 were lifted under this President.
A. Richard Nixon
B. Ronald Reagan
C. George HW Bush
D. Bill Clinton
Answer: As a part of an economic agenda aimed at modernizing the economy, Clinton lifted Glass Steagall limitations on commercial banking.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.6: Challenges of the 21st Century

12. All of the following represent "member nations" of the "Axis of Evil" coined by President George W Bush except for
A. Iran
B. North Korea
C. China
D. Iraq
Answer: George W Bush commonly referred to Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as the Axis of Evil as a rhetorical device to support an aggressive foreign policy.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.6: Challenges of the 21st Century

13. The creation of this executive branch agency represents an organizational response to the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001.
A. Department of Homeland Security
B. US Air Marshals
C. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
D. The National Security Council
Answer: The DHS was created to coordinate governmental responses to terror threats.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.6: Challenges of the 21st Century

14. US presidents from the Democratic Party from FDR to Barack Obama have all shared this area of social policy as a focus for reform
A. defense
B. education
C. health care
D. criminal justice
Answer: FDR, Truman, LBJ, Clinton, and Obama all attempted (with varying success) to usher in health care reform.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.6: Challenges of the 21st Century

15. All of the following groups benefited from the economic conditions of the 1990s except for
A. software developers
B. industrial laborers
C. stock market brokers
D. retail store operators
Answer: Globalization and the increased "white-collar shift" of the US economy (carried over from Period 8) benefited those in service, technological and financial sectors. US manufacturing, however, declined as production was increasingly sourced outside of the country.
📄 Study AP United States History, Unit 9.7: Causation in Period 9

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