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🚀  Thematic Guides

✈️  Unit 9: Globalization

👉  Introduction to AP World

7.1 Shifting Power After 1900

#government

#worldwars

#unit7

#1900-present

⏱️  2 min read

written by

Jed Quiaoit

jed quiaoit


Global Balance of Power

Thanks to industrialization and overseas colonies, most of the Western Hemisphere - Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands, for example - is dominating the global political order. Old friends such as major land empires (Ottomans, Austria-Hungary, Russian Empire, and the Qing Dynasty later on) were replaced by new rising powers like Japan (post-Meiji Restoration) and the US (recently acquiring the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam). 

Collapse of Empires

After the World Wars, former colonies ultimately formed their own independent nations and states by the end of the 20th century through peace or bloodshed. They mostly resulted from internal and external challenges to existing orders in politics and societies: dissatisfaction with leaders, foreign invaders, conflicts between social classes, and revolutions.

Due to the anti-colonial sentiments expressed by locals through uprisings and revolutions, the imperial model of government is proven to be ineffective. As a result, its prevalence dropped by the 1900s. Even up to this day, we hear about “countries” or “nations,” not “empires.” We’ll hear more about decolonization in Unit 8!

Activity 1: From Empire to Nation

Activity 1: From Empire to Nation. 

See if you can match the former empire to its 20th century counterpart!

  1. Soviet Union

  2. Mughal Empire

  3. Qing Dynasty

  4. Ottoman Empire

  • China (a)

  • Russia (b)

  • Turkey (c)

  • India (d)

Additional Resources:

🎥Watch: WHAP -World Wars in World History

🏆Trivia: WHAP -World Wars in World History

🎥Watch: WHAP - Unit 7 Review: Causation in Global Conflict

🏆Trivia: WHAP - Causation in Global Conflict

ANSWERS - Activity 1: From Empire to Nation

(1) Soviet Union --- B.   Russia

(2) Mughal Empire --- D.   India (3) Qing Dynasty --- A.   China (4) Ottoman Empire --- C.   Turkey

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