✨ ap world survival packs are ready!
📑 Document Based Questions (DBQ)
🚀 Thematic Guides
Theme 1 (ENV) - Humans and the Environment
Theme 2 (CDI) - Cultural Developments and Interactions
Theme 3 (GOV) - Governance
Theme 4 (ECON) - Economic Systems
Theme 5 (SOC) - Social Interactions and Organizations
Theme 6 (TECH) - Technology and Innovation
🗺 Regional Guides
The Pacific from 1200 to the Present
🐎 Unit 1: The Global Tapestry
1.0Overview of Unit 1: The Global Tapestry
1.1East Asia from 1200-1450
1.2Dar al-Islam from 1200-1450
1.4The Americas from 1200 to 1450
1.6Europe from 1200 to 1450
🐫 Unit 2: Networks of Exchange
2.0Overview of Unit 2: Networks of Exchange
2.3Indian Ocean Trade Routes
2.4Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
2.5Cultural Effects of Trade
2.6Environmental Effects of Trade
🕌 Unit 3: Land-Based Empires
3.0Overview of Unit 3: Land-Based Empires
3.1Expansion of Land-Based Empires
3.2Governments of Land-Based Empires
🍕 Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections
4.0Overview of Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections
4.1New Technologies from 1450-1750
4.4Maritime Empires Established
4.5Expansion of Maritime Empires
4.6Resistance to European Expansion
✊ Unit 5: Revolutions
5.2Revolutions from 1750-1900
5.5Technology in the Industrial Age
5.7Economic Effects of Industrialization
🚂 Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization
6.0Overview of Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization
💣 Unit 7: Global Conflict
7.0Overview of Unit 7: Global Conflict
7.6Causes of World War II
🥶 Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization
8.0Overview of Unit 8: Cold War & Decolonization
8.2The Cold War
8.3Effects of the Cold War
8.4Spread of Communism After 1900
8.5Decolonization After 1900
8.6Newly Independent States After 1900
8.8End of the Cold War
✈️ Unit 9: Globalization
🤓 Historical Thinking Skills
Comparison in the AP Histories
Causation in the AP Histories
👉 Introduction to AP World
⏱️ 2 min read
June 23, 2020
Although the first topic in this unit highlights cultural rationales used by Imperialist powers, the economic relationships that they created were at least as significant for World History. The expansion of empires and the growth of industrial capitalism greatly increased global exchanges. Businesses from industrialized countries benefited from imperialist power over other parts of the world, especially in pushing colonized or dependent regions to focus on exporting commodities.
A commodity is a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold in large quantities. The primary product means that a business would do something with the product before selling it to consumers. In other words, wheat is a commodity, but a loaf of bread is a consumer product.
image by Wikimedia user Quartl, CC 3.0
Industrializing countries needed food to feed people in large cities. New technology, like refrigerated shipping compartments, made the shipment of foods, like beef from Argentina and Uruguay, possible across large distances.
Guano, bird excrement, much of it produced by Guanay cormorants like the one pictured above that built upon islands off the coast of Peru, was an excellent fertilizer that increased agricultural production in imperialist countries that supported mining. That’s right there was so much poop on these islands that it could be mined! Similarly, raw materials used by industries were mass-produced and shipped globally, to the benefit of businesses in imperialist countries. British factories used cotton from colonial Egypt and India.
The machines in these factories may have used belts made from rubber produced in the Belgian Congo (Central Africa) and may have been lubricated with palm oil from the British colony of Nigeria (west Africa). These are just a few of the many industrial crops and commodities. Students can use any appropriate example to illustrate their written responses on the AP Exam.
In 1869, some Afrikaaners (descendants of Dutch settlers) in South Africa discovered diamonds there. This is a commodity with more obvious value than guana. This finding is known as the Kimberley diamond strike, and it caused a rush of European settlers and investors. 💎
Image Credit: Flickr user Irene2005 via Wikipedia, CC 2.0)
The result was the world’s largest open-pit mine dug by hand, forced labor from Africans who did the digging, and enormous profits for a few investors, such as Cecil Rhodes. Rhodes became so wealthy that he started his own colony in southern Africa, Rhodesia (today: Zimbabwe and Zambia). Imperialists in African and India also used state power, such as taxation or drafts, coerce laborers to work on transportation networks, especially railroads, used to export these commodities to ocean ports.
The 2018 AP World DBQ explored the relationship between railroads and empire. It would be an excellent practice for Unit 6.
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211
92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.