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Unit 6

6.2 Expansion of Imperialism

2 min readjune 23, 2020

eric515101

Eric Beckman


AP World History 🌍

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State Expansion

👉Imperialism means the belief in and commitment to the importance of empire. During this time several industrialized nations took control of additional territories.
Some of these imperialist states built on existing maritime empires. Britain and France both had colonies in the Americas and Asia in 1750. France lost its North American colonies to Britain but conquered new colonies in Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Britain lost some of its North American colonies when the United States became independent, but they also conquered new territories in Africa, Asia, and Oceania.
The British and Dutch East India companies also controlled territories in Asia at the beginning of this period. In both cases, this private possession became state colonies as the Dutch East Indies (1800) and the British Raj in India (1858).
Moreover, new states created overseas empires in this period. Belgium, Germany, and the United States are all countries that came into existence after 1750 and established colonies overseas in the 1800s. Japan had long existed, but after the Meiji Restoration in 1868, it industrialized and expanded into mainland and island East Asia🗾.
Expanding empires met resistance from indigenous people and other states. Japan defeated China in the First Sino-Japanese War for instance; and, US troops fought rebels in the Philippines for several years after defeating Spain in a few months.
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2Fsino.PNG?alt=media&token=17e9696e-7e79-4916-834b-4a984c8c2044

Resources:

Image Courtesy of Britannica

First Sino-Japanese War. There Stands No Enemy Where We Go: Surrender of Pyongyang, a scene from the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–95), ink and colour on paper by Migita Toshihide, 1894; in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Gift of Lincoln Kirstein, 1959, JP3177a-f, www.metmuseum.org
📍Settler colonialism was the most extreme form of imperialism. Settlers from imperialist countries took land and resources from indigenous people with the backing of their states. The United States is a classic example, as are British settler colonies in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and some parts of Africa. Russian and American territorial expansion were also examples of settler colonialism.

Expanding Empires 🗺 

Imperialist State
Empire in 1750
Areas of Expansion
Responses
Britain
North America, Caribbean Islands; India (East India Company)
  • India
  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Africa
  • China (Hong Kong)
  • Loss: 13 Colonies
American Revolution
Opium War
Great Indian Rebellion 
Some indigenous elites cooperated
France
North America, Caribbean, South Asia
  • Africa
  • SE Asia
  • Loss: Quebec
Armed resistance
Some cooperation
Belgium
None (state did not exist until 1839)
  • Central Africa (Congo)
Brutal exploitation of labor and resources in Congo
Japan
None
  • Taiwan
  • Liaodong Peninsula (NE China)
  • Korea (protectorate)
First Sino- Japanese War (with China)
US
None (recognized state did not exist until 1783)
  • Caribbean
  • Pacific
  • Philippines
  • Westward expansion
Resistance leaders: Aguinaldo, Lili’oukalani
Spanish- American and Philippine Wars
American Indian Wars
Ghost Dance
Russia
Eurasia
  • Central Asia
  • Poland
  • Caucasus
War with the Ottoman Empire
Indigenous resistance, but also cooperation
Nationalist movements among non-Russians

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