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🚀  Thematic Guides

✈️  Unit 9: Globalization

👉  Introduction to AP World

4.2 Exploration from 1450-1750

#traderoutes

#motivations

#christophercolumbus

#explorers

⏱️  1 min read

written by

Amanda DoAmaral

amanda doamaral


Causes and Events

Trade between Europe and Asia had to go through the Mediterranean, which was controlled by Italian city-states. The Spanish, Portuguese, French, English, and Dutch had to find another route in order to remain competitive, so they invested in exploration. #traderace

Motives for Exploration

Europeans were primarily motivated by money, religion, rivalry, and conquest. If they could find a quicker route to Asia, profits would balloon and religious ideologies would spread.

At this time, wealth was measured by how much gold or silver a country had on hand. So states began to practice mercantilist policies, which maximized exports and limited imports. This kept more money in the bank at any given time.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2FScreenshot%202020-03-28%20at%2010.23.35%20PM.png?alt=media&token=af23b752-19e5-4c0f-a2c7-59e5963c6f53

This infographic shows some must-know European explorers who populated the new world as well as their empires of origin

🎥 Watch: Maritime Empires

Achievements in Exploration

The Portuguese led the way to Sub-Saharan Africa and present-day China, India, Indonesia, but their first to market advantage didn’t last long.

Once contact with the Americas was open, the Spanish, French, English, and Dutch increasingly invested in the #traderace. 

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2FScreenshot%202020-03-28%20at%2010.24.55%20PM.png?alt=media&token=f5a42955-45ea-4473-bb9f-7a86acfc8d20

This infographic showcases the Portuguese's progression towards Asia as they developed a route around Africa

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