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π‘ΒAP Physics 1

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π‘Unit 7

3 min readβ’june 8, 2020

Peter Apps

The angular momentum of a system is conserved.

If the net external torque exerted on the system is zero, the angular momentum of the system does not change.

Image courtesy of ScienceABC.

Using the skater example from above, the skater has a constant angular momentum throughout the images. Since pulling their hands in is an internal force (and therefore an internal torque), angular momentum is conserved. In terms of *I* and π, the first image has a large *I* and small π, while the second image has a smaller *I* and larger π.

Other common situations with the conservation of angular momentum involve collisions and planetary motion.

As shown in the image above, the radius of the orbit changes, resulting in different velocities for the planet. You may have covered this idea earlier in terms of potential and kinetic energies, now we can also explain it in terms of conservation of momentum. This idea also leads to Keplerβs 2nd Law (The law of areas).

The left end of a rod of length *d* and rotational inertia *I* is attached to a frictionless horizontal surface by a frictionless pivot, as shown above. Point C marks the center (midpoint) of the rod. The rod is initially motionless but is free to rotate around the pivot. A student will slide a disk of mass:

toward the rod with velocity *v0 *perpendicular to the rod, and the disk will stick to the rod a distance *x* from the pivot. The student wants the rod-disk system to end up with as much angular speed as possible.

and its angular momentum with respect to the pivot is:

Derive an equation for the post-collision angular speed Ο of the rod. Express your answer in terms of *d*, *mdisk*, *I, x, v0*, and physical constants, as appropriate.

- The question mentions angular momentum and angular speed. We may also need conservation of momentum because a collision is mentioned

Your Answer should be:

_____Greater than _____Less than _____Equal to

Briefly explain your reasoning.

π₯**Watch: AP Physics 1 - ****Unit 7 Streams**

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