All Subjects

ย >ย 


AP Music Theory

ย >ย 


Unit 4

4.4 Voice Leading with Seventh Chords

1 min readโ€ขseptember 12, 2020


Mickey Hansen

AP Music Theoryย ๐ŸŽถ

Bookmarkedย 497ย โ€ขย 66ย resources
See Units

4.4: Voice Leading with Seventh Chords

Remember those rules of part-writing we need to follow? Introducing seventh chords into the harmonic mix requires us to follow three main rules:
โžก๏ธ Chordal sevenths should be approached by common tone OR by step
When the voice-leading context doesnโ€™t allow this, chordal sevenths may be approached by ascending leap or, rarely, by a descending leap of a 3rd.
โžก๏ธ All chordal sevenths should resolve by a descending step, to avoid an unresolved seventh. The chordal seventh in a V-4/3 chord may move up by a step when appearing in a I-(V-4/3)-I6 progression. In some cases, the chordal seventh may stay in the same voice before resolving down by a step.
โžก๏ธ The fifth of a root-position dominant seventh chord may be omitted if it helps the voice leading. When the fifth is taken out in a root position 7th chord, the root should be doubled. All inverted 7th chords, however, must be spelled completely in writing the chord.
๐Ÿฆœ Polly wants a progress tracker: how do you resolve a seventh chord?

Was this guide helpful?

Fiveable logo
Join Fiveable for free
Create a free account to bookmark content and compete in trivia
Hours Logo
Studying with Hours = the ultimate focus mode
Start a free study session
Browse Study Guides By Unit
๐Ÿ“†Big Reviews: Finals & Exam Prep
๐Ÿ“Exam Skills
๐ŸŽตUnit 1: Music Fundamentals I: Pitch, Major Scales and Key Signatures, Rhythm, Meter, and Expressive Elements
๐ŸŽถUnit 2: Music Fundamentals II: Minor Scales and Key Signatures, Melody, Timbre, and Texture
๐ŸŽปUnit 3: Music Fundamentals III: Triads and Seventh Chords
๐ŸŽนUnit 4: Harmony and Voice Leading I: Chord Function, Cadence, and Phrase
๐ŸŽธUnit 5: Harmony and Voice Leading II: Chord Progressions and Predominant Function
๐ŸŽคUnit 7: Harmony and Voice Leading IV: Secondary Function
FREE AP music theory Survival Pack + Cram Chart PDF
Sign up now for instant access to 2 amazing downloads to help you get a 5
๐Ÿ“ฑ Stressed or struggling and need to talk to someone?
Talk to a trained counselor for free. It's 100% anonymous.
Text FIVEABLE to 741741 to get started.
ยฉ 2021 Fiveable, Inc.