ap music theory
🎵 Unit 1: Music Fundamentals I: Pitch, Major Scales and Key Signatures, Rhythm, Meter, and Expressive Elements
1.1Pitch and Pitch Notation 🎼
🎶 Unit 2: Music Fundamentals II: Minor Scales and Key Signatures, Melody, Timbre, and Texture
2.1Minor Scales: Natural, Harmonic, and Melodic
2.2Relative Keys: Determining Relative Minor Key and Notating Key Signatures
2.3Key Relationships: Parallel, Closely Related, and Distantly Related Keys
2.4Other Scales: Chromatic, Whole-Tone, and Pentatonic
🎻 Unit 3: Music Fundamentals III: Triads and Seventh Chords
3.1Triad and Chord Qualities (M, m, d, A)
3.3Chord Inversions and Figures: Introduction to Figured Bass
🎹 Unit 4: Harmony and Voice Leading I: Chord Function, Cadence, and Phrase
4.3Harmonic Progression, Functional Harmony, and Cadences
4.4Voice Leading with Seventh Chords
🎸 Unit 5: Harmony and Voice Leading II: Chord Progressions and Predominant Function
5.1Adding Predominant Function IV (iv) and ii (ii0) to a Melodic Phrase
📝 Exam Skills
AP Music Theory Multiple Choice Help (MCQ)
⏱️ 2 min read
November 2, 2020
The texture of a musical passage is based on the manner in which its layers are produced and distributed and how how they interact to form the totality of sound.
In addition to monophony, homophony, and polyphony, other texture devices include the following:
Alberti bass: is a broken chord (arpeggiated chord), placed in the bass, to create a moving figure. Take a look below!
Walking bass: a bass line that "walks" through the tones of a scale for each corresponding chord.
Imitation: new musical material that repeats previous melodic material, but can be transposed or inverted, retaining its original character.
Countermelody: played simultaneously to the principal melody and used as a complementary voice.
Solo: strut your stuff, you're the only one in spotlight! A solo can be joined by background music or nothing at all.
Soli: the plural form of a solo in Italian 🇮🇹, which means many people taking a solo together.
Accompaniment: When there is a solo going on, the rest of the musicians performing background supportive music is called accompaniment.
Doubling: when a musical part is copied and played simultaneously in another voice or instrument.
Ostinato: a continually repeated rhythmical or musical passage.
Tutti: another Italian 🇮🇹 word that means all voices or instruments are making music together.
🦜 Polly wants a progress tracker: If you are singing in a school choir, what are the various textures that you may encounter in your own vocal part?
2550 north lake drive
milwaukee, wi 53211
92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.
*ap® and advanced placement® are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.
© fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.