ap music theory study guides

2.12 Texture Devices

#countermelody

#accompaniment

#bass

#texture

#doubling

โฑ๏ธย ย 2 min read

written by

Mickey Hansen

mickey hansen

Caroline Koffke

caroline koffke

(editor)

November 2, 2020


2.12: Texture Devices

The texture of a musical passage is based on the manner in which its layers are produced and distributed and how how they interact to form the totality of sound.

In addition to monophony, homophony, and polyphony, other texture devices include the following:

  • Alberti bass: is a broken chord (arpeggiated chord), placed in the bass, to create a moving figure. Take a look below!

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-67DXN03USUpS.webp?alt=media&token=c868b15b-5fb7-427a-b4c3-db916854c3aa

  • Walking bass: a bass line that "walks" through the tones of a scale for each corresponding chord.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-gcCpF3XPN2Sf.webp?alt=media&token=1f994cd2-c2c5-4417-8403-a6d1d2ec0a97

  • Imitation: new musical material that repeats previous melodic material, but can be transposed or inverted, retaining its original character.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-L0QKVv17XJmM.webp?alt=media&token=5fe163c8-849c-4200-8c0b-5b01aa050dde

  • Countermelody: played simultaneously to the principal melody and used as a complementary voice.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-KsZqaaXEh9L3.webp?alt=media&token=567af76a-c747-4471-b4a8-16c73a56a18e

  • Solo: strut your stuff, you're the only one in spotlight! A solo can be joined by background music or nothing at all.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-wiYibDg7UiQY.webp?alt=media&token=9a37fcb0-3d25-4e24-bc3e-8dcdcc8c2287

  • Soli: the plural form of a solo in Italian ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น, which means many people taking a solo together.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-Vb79VtkAym17.webp?alt=media&token=fdd7f68c-7be1-40fd-a9e4-36efd0830431

  • Accompaniment: When there is a solo going on, the rest of the musicians performing background supportive music is called accompaniment.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-kWUBwqW14JmC.webp?alt=media&token=6aadc421-7231-46e0-897b-7306957874c4

  • Doubling: when a musical part is copied and played simultaneously in another voice or instrument.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-nOfqNs3fFYZA.webp?alt=media&token=e7fdb008-f11c-446f-88b2-f57b6bc173f6

  • Ostinato: a continually repeated rhythmical or musical passage.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-gY2cUMCVxA4q.webp?alt=media&token=fb99fb27-ef9b-46d1-85d7-bb92d53db192

  • Tutti: another Italian ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น word that means all voices or instruments are making music together.

https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-xeKsQOjM9U0i.gif?alt=media&token=8c94da92-0570-48c2-8d2d-e1875d1abc94

๐Ÿฆœ Polly wants a progress tracker: If you are singing in a school choir, what are the various textures that you may encounter in your own vocal part?

continue learning

Slide 1 of 14
Fiveable

Join Our Community

Fiveable Community students are already meeting new friends, starting study groups, and sharing tons of opportunities for other high schoolers. Soon the Fiveable Community will be on a totally new platform where you can share, save, and organize your learning links and lead study groups among other students!๐ŸŽ‰

Fiveable Logo

2550 north lake drive
suite 2
milwaukee, wi 53211

92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams.

*apยฎ and advanced placementยฎ are registered trademarks of the college board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

ยฉ fiveable 2020 | all rights reserved.