Energy Use 💡💡
Italy has very few natural energy sources, so most of its resources are imported. The primary energy comes from fossil fuels, which are mainly petroleum, natural gas, coal, and oils. Due to the lack of resources, energy use and consumption are more of a major problem in Italy than they are in the United States.
Energy and Natural Resources
No substantial deposits of iron, coal, or oil and NO nuclear power
There are moderate natural gas reserves (Po Valley + Adriatic Sea)
Leading producer of pumice, pozzolana, and feldspar. Also known for marble
Marble Quarries of Northern Italy, Image Courtesy of The New York Times
The urge for clean energy came from the need to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and hydrocarbons. Italy recognized the importance of this idea and is now 9th in the world for producing renewable energy, accumulating over 40% of electricity from renewable sources (solar, wind, bio).
National Energy and Climate Plans (2021-2030) : phasing out coal
National Energy Strategy (NES): highlights the country's commitment toward the climate and clean energy future
Goals: reaching 28% share of renewables in total energy consumption by 2030, 55% share of renewables in electricity consumption by 2030, narrowing the energy price gap, furthering sustainable, eco-friendly fuels and more...
Working towards lower-emission models, greater research and development, and increased awareness
Image Courtesy of ClimateChangeNews
Renewable Energy Sources
Hydroelectricity 🌊. 🌊
Turbines convert the energy of flowing water into mechanical energy
14th largest producer in the world, plants located in the Alps and Apennines
Declined in the 21st energy due to the constant need for more energy
Solar Power ☀️ ☀️
Encouraged initially by Conto Energia incentive: tariffs put toward the investment in solar plants and renewable energy programs
9% of Italy's total electricity consumption being sources from solar
Second only to Germany in the EU
5th in the world for producing energy from solar power
Solar Park in Italy, image courtesy of Renewables Now
Wind Power 🌬️ 🌬️
Turbines capture wind energy to provide mechanical energy for electricity
Development is moderate, due to less productivity than solar power
Geothermal 🌍 ♨️
Renewable energy that taps into the heat produced by Earth's core
6th largest producer in the world and growing even more!!
Focused around Central Italy, with an emphasis on Pisa
Bio Energy 🌳 🌲
Overall, in the past decade, Italy has made massive strides in the development of renewable energy, and its citizens are becoming educated on the matter and seem more willing to embrace green, clean energy...
Cost of Electricity 💲💲
Although Italy is a global leader in the thrive toward greater renewable energy sources, 80% of its energy sources are still imported from countries such as France and Switzerland. This means that Italy pays 45% more than the European Union average for electricity. In addition, the extensive use of natural gas is already more expensive than fossil fuels, and the renewable energy incentives reach a total cost of more than $10 billion 🤯
Italy's electricity consumption per capita might be less than other European countries but the cost is SKY HIGH...
Italy vs. USA: Energy Edition
Italy 🇮🇹 🇮🇹
Problem with energy consumption is more serious because less resources = extremely high prices to then import
Houses and stores have less appliances
Greater push toward green, clean energy (incentivizing solar energy) ♻️
USA 🇺🇸 🇺🇸
Americans have MANY appliances
Greater resistance to green, clean energy — energy industry dominates, harder to change the mindset of people
Import more energy than produce
Carbon emissions are contributing to global warming
Still a need for greater research into alternative energy sources 👩🏼🔬 👨🏽🔬
Working toward environmental change at the national/international levels