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Unit 4

4.2 Energy Use

3 min readโ€ขnovember 12, 2020

caroline-koffke

Caroline Koffke

Kallie Hoffman


AP Italian ย ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น

Bookmarkedย 127ย โ€ขย 40ย resources
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Energy Use ๐Ÿ’ก๐Ÿ’ก

Italy has very few natural energy sources, so most of its resources are imported. The primary energy comes from fossil fuels, which are mainly petroleum, natural gas, coal, and oils. Due to the lack of resources, energy use and consumption are more of a major problem in Italy than they are in the United States.

Energy and Natural Resources

  • No substantial deposits of iron, coal, or oil and NO nuclear power
  • There are moderate natural gas reserves (Po Valley + Adriatic Sea)
  • Leading producer of pumice, pozzolana, and feldspar. Also known for marble
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-T6oFSG20HGog.jpg?alt=media&token=834339c3-a15b-4c85-9dc2-e2e50ab60771

Marble Quarries of Northern Italy, Image Courtesy of The New York Times

Alternative Energy

The urge for clean energy came from the need to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and hydrocarbons. Italy recognized the importance of this idea and is now 9th in the world for producing renewable energy, accumulating over 40% of electricity from renewable sources (solar, wind, bio).

Important Facts

  • National Energy and Climate Plans (2021-2030) : phasing out coal
  • National Energy Strategy (NES): highlights the country's commitment toward the climate and clean energy future
    • Goals: reaching 28% share of renewables in total energy consumption by 2030, 55% share of renewables in electricity consumption by 2030, narrowing the energy price gap, furthering sustainable, eco-friendly fuels and more...
  • Working towards lower-emission models, greater research and development, and increased awareness
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-0on2QPUGAI6i.jpg?alt=media&token=f1e87d5a-b95f-4e63-aabb-06995e3c462d

Image Courtesy of ClimateChangeNews

Renewable Energy Sources

  • Hydroelectricity ๐ŸŒŠ. ๐ŸŒŠ
    • Turbines convert the energy of flowing water into mechanical energy
    • 14th largest producer in the world, plants located in the Alps and Apennines
    • Declined in the 21st energy due to the constant need for more energy
  • Solar Power โ˜€๏ธ โ˜€๏ธ
    • Encouraged initially by Conto Energia incentive: tariffs put toward the investment in solar plants and renewable energy programs
    • 9% of Italy's total electricity consumption being sources from solar
    • Second only to Germany in the EU
    • 5th in the world for producing energy from solar power
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-HS49NDpT8TR8.jpg?alt=media&token=be203fee-8784-4d37-993f-845d49f38fdc

Solar Park in Italy, image courtesy of Renewables Now

  • Wind Power ๐ŸŒฌ๏ธ ๐ŸŒฌ๏ธ
    • Turbines capture wind energy to provide mechanical energy for electricity
    • Development is moderate, due to less productivity than solar power
  • Geothermal ๐ŸŒ โ™จ๏ธ
    • Renewable energy that taps into the heat produced by Earth's core
    • 6th largest producer in the world and growing even more!!
    • Focused around Central Italy, with an emphasis on Pisa
  • Bio Energy ๐ŸŒณ ๐ŸŒฒ
    • Renewable energy produced from materials derived from biological sources
    • Rising rapidly โ€” even more popular than wind power
Overall, in the past decade, Italy has made massive strides in the development of renewable energy, and its citizens are becoming educated on the matter and seem more willing to embrace green, clean energy...

Cost of Electricity ๐Ÿ’ฒ๐Ÿ’ฒ

Although Italy is a global leader in the thrive toward greater renewable energy sources, 80% of its energy sources are still imported from countries such as France and Switzerland. This means that Italy pays 45% more than the European Union average for electricity. In addition, the extensive use of natural gas is already more expensive than fossil fuels, and the renewable energy incentives reach a total cost of more than $10 billion ๐Ÿคฏ
Italy's electricity consumption per capita might be less than other European countries but the cost is SKY HIGH...

Italy vs. USA: Energy Edition

Italy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
  • Problem with energy consumption is more serious because less resources = extremely high prices to then import
  • Houses and stores have less appliances
  • Greater push toward green, clean energy (incentivizing solar energy) โ™ป๏ธ
USA ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
  • Americans have MANY appliances
    • Winter = heat, Summer = air conditioning
  • Greater resistance to green, clean energy โ€” energy industry dominates, harder to change the mindset of people
  • BOTH
    • Import more energy than produce
    • Carbon emissions are contributing to global warming
    • Still a need for greater research into alternative energy sources ๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿผโ€๐Ÿ”ฌ ๐Ÿ‘จ๐Ÿฝโ€๐Ÿ”ฌ
    • Working toward environmental change at the national/international levels

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