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🙏 Free Reviews 2020
🗺 Unit 1: Thinking Geographically
1.1Introduction to Maps and Types of Maps
1.5Humans and Environmental Interaction
👪 Unit 2: Population & Migration
2.0Unit 2 Overview: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes
2.5The Demographic Transition Model
2.6Malthusian Theory and Geography
2.10Push and Pull Factors in Migration
🕌 Unit 3: Cultural Patterns & Processes
3.1Introduction to Culture
3.4Types of Cultural Diffusion
3.7Diffusion of Religion and Language
🗳 Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes
👨🌾 Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use
5.0Unit 5 Overview: Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes
5.1Introduction to Agriculture
5.2Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods
5.3Agricultural Origins and Diffusions
5.6Agricultural Production Regions
5.7Spatial Organization of Agriculture
5.9The Global System of Agriculture
5.10Consequences of Agricultural Practices
5.11Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture
🌇 Unit 6: Cities & Urban Land-Use
6.2Cities Across the World
6.4The Size and Distribution of Cities
6.5The Internal Structure of Cities
💸 Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development
7.0Unit 7 Overview: Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes
7.3Measures of Development
7.4Women and Economic Development
7.5Theories of Development
🧐 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
AP Human Geography Multiple Choice Help (MCQ)
Human Geography Multiple Choice Questions
✍️ Free Response Questions (FRQ)
June 1, 2020
Have you ever seen a map the size of America? Or the size of the world? No? Then how are maps accurate if they are not the same size as the area they’re representing? That’s where scaling comes into play.
A map scale presents the map’s features in relation to the actual size on the Earth. The three most common forms are:
1 : 25,000
The number on the left of the ratio is always the units of distance on the map
The number on the right is always the unit of distance on Earth’s surface
Every 1 inch on this map represents 25,000 actual inches on Earth’s surface.
“1 inch equals 1 mile”
Explains the relationship in words
There is a bar line marked on the map to show how much actual distance is covered
Okay, so there’s a good reason why maps aren’t as big as the actual area they are depicting. But how does a flat, 2D map on a piece of paper accurately represent our spherical Earth?
Let’s talk about projections.
Projection: transferring locations on Earth’s surface to a flat map
Depending on what the cartographer wants to focus on, they have these four choices to make sure the globe fits on a paper:
The shape of an area can be distorted
Distance between two areas is inaccurate
The relative size of different areas is inaccurate
Direction can be distorted
+ used to focus on oceans
- land masses are smaller
Image Courtesy of The Guardian
+ Accurate shape and direction
+ Map is rectangular
- Size of poles are distorted
There are imaginary grid patterns drawn on Earth’s surfaces that tell us specific locations.
Parallel: arcs in circles around the LAP of the earth
Location of parallels is indicated by latitude
LATitude → LAT=LAP= horizontal
Your LAP is horizontal. So latitude is horizontal.
Meridian: arcs drawn from the North pole to the South pole
Location of meridians is indicated by longitude
LONGitude → LONG= up and down
If something is long, it is vertical. So longitude is vertical.
Latitude and longitude are used together and give us a specific coordinate and location.
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