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Unit 6

6.0 Unit 6 Overview: Industrialization and Its Effects

2 min readmay 12, 2020

Sharii Liang


Main Events 1815-1914

1815: Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo and exiled to St. Helena
1815: Congress of Vienna establishes conservatism and the Concert of Europe
1833: Factory Act is the beginning of workers’ rights laws to be passed
1845-1850: The Hungry 40s and the Irish Potato Famine 🇮🇪
1848: Napoleon’s ideas inspire revolutions across Europe AKA Revolutions of 1848
1851: The Great Exhibition is hosted in the Crystal Palace in England
1870: Second Industrial Revolution begins
1905: The Russian Revolution begins
1914: Mechanization and the factory system become the main production systems
1914: WWI begins
https://i.ibb.co/Wk2JzGK/second-industrial-revolution-gettyimages-51632462.jpg

Resources:

Image Courtesy of History.com

Major Trends Between 1815-1914

  • New tech → Good & Bad Consequences
    • Improves the quality and ease of life for some people
    • Leads to the exploitation of workers and natural resources
    • WWI is fought with this new technology and leads to more deaths
  • Effects of Industrialization on Everyday Life
    • Increased Food Production 🌽 → increased the population everywhere
      • Removed thousands of people from their agricultural ways of life:  Enclosure Acts
    • Migration of people → Urbanization → Desire for reform in cities
    • Reinforced the structure of the common family
      • Men do all the work while women stay at home
      • Cult of Domesticity
  • Further divided Western and Eastern Europe
    • Industrialization → economic growth
    • No industrialization → famine and poverty
  • An ever-changing social, economic, and political structure 🏙️
    • Factories → Rise of the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat
      • Created a middle class and class competition
    • Capitalism became the dominant economic policy 💸
    • Multiple political parties are founded to represent various groups
      • Chartists, Womens’ Rights, etc
  • Mass society begins
    • Heightened Consumerism
      • New technology makes items cheaper and more available
      • Mass marketing
    • Prosperity → More widely available leisurely activities 💃
      • Amusement parks, dance halls, etc
    • Education becomes more widespread
      • Not even barred for women

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