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Unit 5

5.0 Unit 5 Overview: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th-Century

1 min readjune 11, 2020

Jillian Holbrook

Dylan Black


Main Events

1648: Peace of Westphalia
1660: Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan
1682: Peter the Great’s reign begins
1685: Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes 
1688: John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government, Glorious Revolution
1707: England and Scotland join under the Act of Union
1713: Treaty of Utrecht 
1756-1763: Seven Years’ War 
1789: Tennis Court Oath, Storming of the Bastille, Women’s march on Versailles 
1792: Mary Wollstonecraft’s Vindication of the Rights of Women 
1793: Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed
1794: Fall of Robespierre and the Jacobins
1804: Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
1814: The Congress of Vienna 
1815: Napoleon escapes Elba (March 15), is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo (June 18), and gets re-exiled to St. Helena

Major Trends Between 1648-1815

  • A growing global economy had long lasting effects
    • Commercial competition
    • Seven Years’ War
  • Mercantilism → Maximized exports and profits → Minimized imports
  • Effects of challenging political order
    • England’s Civil War →  Glorious Revolution
      • Asserted the rights of Parliament
    • French Revolution → Reign of Terror → Rise of Napoleon
      • Congress of Vienna met for to re-establish European order
  • The Scientific Revolution clashed with Romanticism
    • Scientific Revolution:
      • Logic, skepticism, observation, reasoning
    • Romanticism:
      • Art, passion, nationalism, emotion
🎥 Watch: AP Europe - Old Regime

Resources:

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