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Unit 5

5.0 Unit 5 Overview: Conflict, Crisis, and Reaction in the Late 18th-Century

1 min readโ€ขjune 11, 2020

Jillian Holbrook

Dylan Black


Main Events

1648: Peace of Westphalia

1660: Thomas Hobbesโ€™ Leviathan

1682: Peter the Greatโ€™s reign begins

1685: Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantesย 

1688: John Lockeโ€™s Two Treatises on Government, Glorious Revolution

1707: England and Scotland join under the Act of Union

1713: Treaty of Utrechtย 

1756-1763: Seven Yearsโ€™ Warย 

1789: Tennis Court Oath, Storming of the Bastille, Womenโ€™s march on Versaillesย 

1792: Mary Wollstonecraftโ€™s Vindication of the Rights of Womenย 

1793: Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed

1794: Fall of Robespierre and the Jacobins

1804: Napoleon crowned Emperor of France

1814: The Congress of Viennaย 

1815: Napoleon escapes Elba (March 15), is defeated at the Battle of Waterloo (June 18), and gets re-exiled to St. Helena

Major Trends Between 1648-1815

  • A growing global economy had long lasting effects

    • Commercial competition

    • Seven Yearsโ€™ War

  • Mercantilism โ†’ Maximized exports and profits โ†’ Minimized imports

  • Effects of challenging political order

    • Englandโ€™s Civil War โ†’ย  Glorious Revolution

      • Asserted the rights of Parliament

    • French Revolution โ†’ Reign of Terror โ†’ Rise of Napoleon

      • Congress of Vienna met for to re-establish European order

  • The Scientific Revolution clashed with Romanticism

    • Scientific Revolution:

      • Logic, skepticism, observation, reasoning

    • Romanticism:

      • Art, passion, nationalism, emotion

๐ŸŽฅ Watch: AP Europe - Old Regime

Resources:

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