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Unit 5

5.0 Answers and Review

6 min readnovember 22, 2021


AP Comparative Government 🗳️

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on Political and Economic Changes and Development

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⛔STOP!⛔ Before you look at the answers make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in unit 5. Click here for the practice questions: AP Comp Gov Unit 5 Multiple Choice Questions.
Facts about the test: The AP Environmental Science exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 1 hour to complete the section. That means it should take you around 17 minutes to complete 15 questions.
*The following questions were not written by CollegeBoard and although they cover information outlined in the AP Comp Gov Course and Exam Description the formatting on the exam may be different.

1. Which of the following is NOT a result of Mexico's economic liberalization policies?
A. Growth of the middle class
B. Reduction of the income gap between urban and rural areas
C. The rise of the Zapatista movement
D. Creation of new jobs
Answer: Mexico's economic liberation policies such as NAFTA have widened the income gap between rural and urban areas.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

2. Which of the following are examples that involve private ownership of industry and capital?
A. China's special economic zones and Nigeria's National Petroleum Corporation
B. China's one-child policy and Iran's Nuclear Deal
C. Putin's re-nationalization of oil and Mexico's high rates of femicide
D. The Troubles in the UK and Mexico's involvement of NAFTA
Answer: China's special economic zones promote privatization along the coast of China. Nigeria’s Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) is state-owned and collaborates with foreign companies to extract and produce oil. 
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

3. What is the process where a state reduces its economic role and embraces free market mechanisms?
A.  Communism
B. Mercantilism
C. Globalization
D. Economic liberalization
Answer: This is the definition of economic liberalization.
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

4. What is the term that includes economic networks and reduction in state control over economies?
A.  Communism
B. The internet
C. Mercantilism
D. Economic globalization
Answer: This is the definition of economic globalization.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

5. In which countries has economic liberalization affected migration patterns?
A. China and Nigeria
B. Nigeria and the UK
C. Mexico and China
D. Mexico and Nigeria
Answer: Economic liberalization has contributed to migration patterns in Mexico (north/south) and China (east/west), as well as rural/urban. 
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

6. What country allows the most private control of natural resources?
A. China
B. Mexico
C. Iran
D. The UK
Answer: The UK allows the most private control over natural resources such as oil and gas.
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

7. What country allows the least private control of natural resources?
A. Iran
B. Russia
C. China
D. Nigeria
Answer: China allows the least private control over natural resources. Rather, natural resources like gas and oil are nationalized.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

8. Which of the following is NOT a reason governments response to global market forces?
A. Improve domestic economic conditions
B. Control domestic political debates
C. Extend national influence
D. Improve the economic conditions of other nations
Answer: Countries respond to global market forces to improve and control the domestic conditions of the country, as well as increase national legitimacy.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

9. Which of the following is NOT a way international and supranational organizations influence policymaking?
A. Organizations can exert influence through preconditions for financial assistance
B. Supranational organizations can apply sovereign power over member states
C. Organizations incentive countries through lottery system programs
D. Countries may bolster their own industries to reduce foreign dependence
Answer: There is no lottery system that incentivizes countries. Rather, organizations exert control through finances and mandates.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

10. Which of the following describes an energy policy by the Russian government?
A. Collaborated with surrounding nations to produce oil
B. Privatized the gas industry for efficiency
C. Created special economic zones
D. Renationalized the oil industry for more governmental control
Answer: Russia has renationalized natural industries such as oil and gas in order to gain control over the country's industries.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

11. Why do country's adopt austerity measures?
A. To lower budget deficits
B. To control
C. To reduce dependence on oil
D. To expand welfare policies
Answer: The goal of austerity measures is to lower budget deficits and debt, often done through funding cuts
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

12. What is a result of immigration in the UK?
A. Rise in gas prices
B. Social and political tensions
C. Fewer government restrictions on the economy
D. More diverse politicians
Answer: Social and political tensions have risen highly due to immigration, indicated by Brexit and instances of xenophobia (esp. islamophobia).  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

13. How has China responded to demographic pressures?
A. Discouraging discrimination against minorities
B. Restricting CCP membership to men only
C. Instating the One Child Policy
D. Providing education about family planning
Answer: China's one-child policy was a tool to address overpopulation and poverty alleviation.  
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

14. What is it called when a state obtains a sizable percentage of total revenue from oil.
A. Rentier State
B. Economic State
C. Authoritarian State
D. Reserved State
Answer: Rentier states such as Iran, Nigeria, and Russia obtain a sizable portion of government revenue from the export of oil and gas or from leasing the resource to foreign countries.
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

15. What is a reason for constituent demands in the UK for cheaper health care?
A. Increased tax burden for the rich
B. Increased tax burdens for the aging population
C. High rates of immigration
D. New neoliberal policies
Answer: The UK is facing demands to minimize the costs of health care, exacerbated by an aging population faced with increased tax burdens. 
📄 Study AP Environmental Science, Unit 5: Political and Economic Changes and Development

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