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Unit 2

2.11 MC Answers and Review

7 min readnovember 22, 2021


AP Comparative Government 🗳️

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Answers and Review for Multiple Choice Practice on Political Institutions

 
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⛔STOP!⛔ Before you look at the answers make sure you gave this practice quiz a try so you can assess your understanding of the concepts covered in unit 2. Click here for the practice questions: AP Name Unit 2 Multiple Choice Questions.
Facts about the test: The AP Comp Gov exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 60 to complete the section. That means it should take you around 15 minutes to complete 15 questions.
 

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*The following questions were not written by College Board and although they cover information outlined in the AP Comparative Government Course and Exam Description the formatting on the exam may be different.


1. One similarity between Russia’s Duma and China’s National People’s Congress is that both have...  

A. Played a significant role in making policy
B. Extensive minority representation
C. Been dominated by one political party
D. Banned women from becoming representatives 
Answer: China is known as a "One Party State," and Russia is known as a "One Party Dominant State." The Duma has been dominated by United Russia, and the NPC has been dominated by the CCP. 
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.6: Legislative Systems

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2. The institution in Iran that makes laws related to civil liberties is the...

A. Civil Rights Council
B. Assembly of Experts 
C. Guardian Council 
D. Majles
Answer: The Majlis is the national legislative body of Iran that oversees general policy such as civil rights policy. The Guardian Council ensures all policy complies with Shari'ah law. The Assembly of Experts is a judicial body that appoints and aids the Supreme Leader. 
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.6: Legislative Systems

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3. Both judicial systems in Nigeria and Iran... 

A. Reflect the British influence in following both codified and common law 
B. Have elements of Shari'ah law 
C. Reject the concept of human rights being protected by a constitution 
D. Forbid the use of lawyers to argue cases against the government's charged in criminal cases
Answer: In Nigeria, Shari'ah has been instituted as a main body of law in 12 Muslim-majority states (mainly in the North). Iran is a theocracy with its legal code based on Shari'ah.  
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.8: Judicial Systems

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4. Which of the following is an accurate description of the Mexican judiciary? 

A. Supreme Court justices are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. 
B. Supreme Court justices are appointed to a life term.
C. There is no functioning Supreme Court in Mexico. 
D. Mexico’s judiciary does not have the power of judicial review.
Answer: Supreme Court justices in Mexico are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. They serve a term of 15 years.   
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.8: Judicial Systems

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5. Which of the following is NOT true of Iran's Supreme Leader?

A. They oversee the civil service
B. They serve as the commander-in-chief
C. They appoint half of the Guardian Council 
D. They appoint the Expediency Council
Answer: The president of Iran oversees the civil service and the bureaucracy, not the Supreme Leader.    
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.3: Executive Systems

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6. Who selects the head of the British government? 

A. The electorate
B. The departing prime minister
C. The majority party in the House of Lords
D. The majority party in the House of Commons
Answer: The UK has a parliamentary system that fused the executive and legislative branches. The majority party of the House of Commons selects the Prime Minister.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.1: Parliamentary Systems

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7. The use of judicial review in the UK is limited because...

A. The UK lacks a written constitution
B. Judicial review is seen as violating parliamentary sovereignty
C. Legal systems in the UK are structured on common law
D. The UK is a unitary state
Answer: Although the UK does lack a written constitution, the lack of judicial review is because it's seen as violating parliamentary sovereignty. Parliamentary sovereignty is one of the most important aspects of the UK government.      
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.9: Independent Judiciaries

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8. One difference between the parliamentary and presidential forms of government is that the presidential form… 

A. Makes the executive electorally independent of other branches of government
B. Ensures there will be no periods of divided government
C. Makes the executive subject to a possible vote of no confidence by the legislature
D. Creates a stronger sense of party discipline 
Answer: The executive in a presidential system is independent from other branches. In a parliamentary system, the executive depends on the legislature. For example, Mexico's president is elected through plurality elections, but the UK's Prime Minister is selected by the legislature.     

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9. The role of the executive in Nigeria is similar to that of the executive in Mexico in which of the following ways?

A. The executive presides over a unitary system of government.
B. The executive is limited to a single term in office.
C. The legislature has a constitutional check on the executive
D. ​​The executive may be impeached by a two-thirds majority of the legislature
Answer: In both countries, the legislature has various ways to check the executive. For example, in both Mexico and Nigeria, the Senate confirms presidential appointments.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.2: Executive Systems

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10. Which of the following explains a potentially negative consequence of executive term limits?

A. Executive term limits make the legislative branch too strong.
B. Executive term limits undermine democracy.
C. Executive term limits usually harm consistent application of rule of law.
D. Executive term limits can force effective executives out of office.
Answer: One negative consequence of executive term limits is that successful, effective, popular executives still need to vacate the executive office upon the completion of their term limit.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.4: Executive Term Limits

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11. Which of the following is true of the cabinet in both Mexico and Nigeria?

A. The courts must review all cabinet member nominations by the executive.
B. The legislature must approve cabinet members nominated by the executive.
C. Cabinet members must be members of the legislature.
D. The cabinet is solely accountable to the executive branch.
Answer: Cabinet members in both countries are nominated by the executive and must be approved by the legislature.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.3: Executive Systems

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12. Which of the following is an effect of fused executive and legislative branches in parliamentary systems?

A. The legislature can remove the executive without an impeachment proceeding.
B. The citizens have a more difficult time following political processes
C. The judiciary has little to no power or impact as a political institution.
D. The executive and legislative branches often have different policy goals.
Answer: A vote of no confidence is sufficient to remove the prime minister. If a vote of no confidence is called from within the prime minister’s own party, he or she may be removed from power and replaced with someone else from the party without holding general elections.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.5: Removal of Executives

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13. The power of the Russian prime minister is more limited than the power of the prime minister in the United Kingdom because...

A. The parliament in the United Kingdom has the power to pass laws, whereas the Russian parliament does not
B. Only in the United Kingdom does the prime minister act as head of government
C. The Russian prime minister is limited by a much more powerful head of state
D. The United Kingdom has an unwritten constitution, whereas Russia has a written constitution
Answer: The Russian president is the head of state, and the constitution grants the president greater authority than that of the prime minister.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.3: Executive Systems

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14. Which of the following is an accurate feature of the judiciary in China?

A. There are no judges, only juries 
B. Judges are accountable to the public that elects them
C. The Supreme Court has the power to overturn an act of the National People's Congress
D. There is no independent judicial review
Answer: The Russian president is the head of state, and the constitution grants the president greater authority than that of the prime minister.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.9: Independent Judiciaries

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15. In addition to its basic lawmaking function, the Federation Council of the Russian Federation also has the power to... 

A. Approve the president's choice of prime minister 
B. Ratify treaties and approve troop deployments
C. Undertake votes of confidence in the government
D. Appoint the chair of the Central Bank
Answer: The Federation Council has the power to approve budget legislation, judicial nominees, treaties, and troop deployment.     
📄 Study Comp Gov, Unit 2.6: Legislative Systems

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