When creating buildings that needed arch ceilings, Roman architects used barrel vaults (arch shaped tunnel), which could be connected to create groin vaults (intersecting arch-shaped tunnels) for support 💪
New advancements in architecture like the impluvium, which was used to collect rainwater 🌧️
Some buildings use ashlar masonry, a type of masonry where rocks of similar sizes are stacked and fit together using mortar (we'll see this a technique a lot more in other units 🤗).
Use of composite columns (combination of Ionic and Corinthian columns) and Tuscan columns (simple, unadorned columns)
Many buildings are civic gathering places, like the Colosseum, which is pictured below ⬇️
And that's it! Be sure to give yourself a pat on the back for getting through the second unit of the course. Next, we'll be going to Europe to see how these civilizations have impacted the artistic culture and history of the continent later in history and see how Europe will influence the works of the Americas. But for now, happy studying 🎉!
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