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Unit 2

2.4 Rome ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น

2 min readโ€ขoctober 29, 2020

cait

Cait Levin

charly511115

Charly Castillo


AP Art Historyย ๐Ÿ–ผ

Bookmarkedย 882ย โ€ขย 34ย resources
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Rome ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น

Architecture

  • When creating buildings that needed arch ceilings, Roman architects used barrel vaults (arch shaped tunnel), which could be connected to create groin vaults (intersecting arch-shaped tunnels) for support ๐Ÿ’ช
  • New advancements in architecture like the impluvium, which was used to collect rainwater ๐ŸŒง๏ธ
  • Some buildings use ashlar masonry, a type of masonry where rocks of similar sizes are stacked and fit together using mortar (we'll see this a technique a lot more in other units ๐Ÿค—).
  • Use of composite columns (combination of Ionic and Corinthian columns) and Tuscan columns (simple, unadorned columns)
  • Many buildings are civic gathering places, like the Colosseum, which is pictured below โฌ‡๏ธ
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-yQ45udtTMy7L.jpg?alt=media&token=60738f2f-6990-4b4b-8d1c-d613840d5c74

Image Courtesy of On The Go Tours. The Colosseum.

Sculpture

  • Built to commemorate historical events and/or important figures like the Augustus of Prima Porta, which pictures Augustus Caesar and his role in the Pax Romana ๐Ÿ•Š๏ธ
  • Narrative sculptures (ones that tell a story) become a way to document a story for generations to come
  • Some humans are depicted realistically or unflatteringly realistic, as you can see in the Head of a Roman Patrician below โฌ‡๏ธ
https://firebasestorage.googleapis.com/v0/b/fiveable-92889.appspot.com/o/images%2F-DjWhA6UK1u8X.jpg?alt=media&token=541aeab8-cf15-46c9-b80b-c3a021a5213d

Image Courtesy of Khan Academy. Head of a Roman Patrician.

Closing Thoughts

And that's it! Be sure to give yourself a pat on the back for getting through the second unit of the course. Next, we'll be going to Europe to see how these civilizations have impacted the artistic culture and history of the continent later in history and see how Europe will influence the works of the Americas. But for now, happy studying ๐ŸŽ‰!

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๐ŸขUnit 10: Global Contemporary, 1980 ce to Present
๐Ÿ—ฟUnit 1: Global Prehistory, 30,000โ€“500 bce
๐Ÿ›Unit 2: Ancient Mediterranean, 3500 bceโ€“300 ce
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